How do babies get meningitis

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Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It can affect anyone, but is most common in babies, young children, teenagers and young adults. Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning ( sepsis) and result in permanent damage ...Jan 27, 2023 · Bacterial meningitis. Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated right away with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection. Abstract. Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in infants. Rates of GBS early onset disease have declined following the widcespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; hence, late-onset infections (LOGBS) are currently a common presentation of neonatal GBS dicsease.Meningitis during the neonatal period is a potentially devastating condition with dire long-term consequences. Despite advances in preventive and critical care medicine, bacterial meningitis continues to have an adverse outcome rate of 20 to 60% among its survivors.[1] Although the incidence and mortality have declined over the past few decades, it remains challenging to diagnose due to ...Sep 27, 2022 · Protects your child from Hib disease, which can cause lifelong disability and be deadly. Protects your child from the most common type of Hib disease, meningitis (an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord). Keeps your child from missing school or child care, and you from missing work. Meningitis vaccine schedule for babies or children . The CDC recommends that children receive their first MenACWY vaccine between the ages of 11 and 12. The MenACWY vaccine is a single dose ...Babies who get group B strep a week or so after birth may have signs such as: Decreased movement of an arm or leg. Pain with movement of an arm or leg. Breathing problems. Fever. Red area on the face or other part of the body. Pregnant women may have group B strep without symptoms. When they have symptoms, these may include: Having to urinate ...An overview of immunizations for kids ages 4 to 6 years old. DTaP – The fifth and final diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine is recommended when your child is between 4 and 6 years old. IPV – The poliovirus vaccine is another four-dose series. The dosing schedule for the polio vaccine recommends the first shots at 2 months, 4 months ...Children can develop meningitis from close contact with a person who has the infection or through surfaces and inanimate objects infected with the germ that causes meningitis. A simple cold or...Encephalitis also may cause changes in sight or hearing. Most people with infectious encephalitis have flu-like symptoms, such as: Headache. Fever. Aches in muscles or joints. Fatigue or weakness. Typically, these are followed by more-severe symptoms over a period of hours to days, such as: Stiff neck.Enterovirus encephalitis (EVE) can present as meningoencephalitis (where it results in both inflammation of the brain and its lining), an illness similar to herpes simplex encephalitis, or a severe brainstem encephalitis. Symptoms can include lethargy, somnolence, altered consciousness, personality change, hallucinations, stiff neck, ataxia ...Encephalitis also may cause changes in sight or hearing. Most people with infectious encephalitis have flu-like symptoms, such as: Headache. Fever. Aches in muscles or joints. Fatigue or weakness. Typically, these are followed by more-severe symptoms over a period of hours to days, such as: Stiff neck.Baby & toddler Your baby’s health What to watch out for Meningitis in babies and children What is meningitis? Symptoms What to do if you think your child has meningitis What causes meningitis? How does a baby or child get meningitis?Many infections cause similar symptoms. Call your child's doctor or seek emergency medical care if your new baby shows any of these possible signs of infection: poor feeding. breathing difficulty. listlessness. decreased or elevated temperature. unusual skin rash or change in skin color. persistent crying. unusual irritability.Dec 30, 2022 · Specific Immunization Reactions. Pain or swelling at the shot site for 1 to 2 days. (20% of children) Mild fever lasting 1 to 3 days begins 14 to 28 days after the shot (10%). Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever over 102° F (39°C). Never give aspirin for fever, pain or within 6 weeks of getting the shot. Signs and symptoms in people over the age of 2 may include: High fever that comes on suddenly. Stiff neck. Severe headache that seems unusual. Headache with nausea or vomiting. Confusion or ...Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It's usually caused by a virus, although it can be caused by bacteria, a fungus, or tuberculosis. Treatment for meningitis depends on the specific cause of the disease. Vaccinations can prevent or minimize the incidence of ... The pneumococcal vaccine offers protection against serious infections caused by pneumococcal bacteria, including meningitis. Babies are offered the pneumococcal vaccine as 2 separate injections at 12 weeks with a booster given at 1 year of age. A single dose is offered to adults aged 65 or over. Find out more about the pneumococcal vaccine.Spinal meningitis is inflammation of the brain and spinal cord due to an infection. Types of meningitis include viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, amoebic, and noninfectious. Symptoms typically include headache, fever, and neck stiffness. Treatment depends on the type of meningitis but can include antibiotics, pain relievers, or hospitalization.Abstract. Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in infants. Rates of GBS early onset disease have declined following the widcespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; hence, late-onset infections (LOGBS) are currently a common presentation of neonatal GBS dicsease.Pregnant women who are at increased risk for serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease may get MenACWY vaccines. Pregnant or breastfeeding women who are at increased risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease may get MenB vaccines. However, they should talk with a doctor to decide if the benefits of getting the vaccine outweigh the risks ... Children are at a higher risk of meningitis caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Children more likely to get the illness include: Newborns and babies (Because their immune systems are not well developed, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream more easily.) Children with frequent sinus infections Two serious bacterial infections in a two-year period (meningitis, blood infection, or pneumonia) Swelling of the parotid gland (salivary glands located in front of the ear) Oral thrush that lasts for more than two months. A yeast infection that occurs in the digestive track or lungs. Constant or recurring sinus infections. Constant or ...Prevention. Treatment. Bacterial meningitis is inflammation of the layers of tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) caused by bacteria . Newborns with bacterial meningitis are usually irritable, vomit, or may have seizures. The diagnosis is based on the results of a spinal tap and blood tests.What causes meningitis in a child? Meningitis is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves into the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the fluid that protects and cushions the brain and spinal cord. A fungus or parasite may also cause meningitis. This is more common only in children with a weak immune system.Children can develop meningitis from close contact with a person who has the infection or through surfaces and inanimate objects infected with the germ that causes meningitis. A simple cold or...Newborn babies are immune to some diseases because they have antibodies they get from their mothers, usually before they are born. However, this immunity lasts a few months. Most babies do not get protective antibodies against diphtheria, whooping cough, polio, tetanus, hepatitis B, or Hib from their mothers.We’re happy to have these conversations for you – it’s our job to make sure you and your baby are safe under our care. When possible, avoid taking your baby to crowded public places for a few months after birth. Herpes infection from incidental touching of strangers or development of other infections from respiratory germs might occur.Meningitis in children. Meningitis becomes more common in children as they grow older and reach high school and college ages. Symptoms of viral and bacterial meningitis in children are similar to ...Feb 26, 2018 · Protecting newborns Seeing a doctor Meningitis is a condition that causes inflammation in the meninges, which protect the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is most often caused by a virus or... Meningitis during the neonatal period is a potentially devastating condition with dire long-term consequences. Despite advances in preventive and critical care medicine, bacterial meningitis continues to have an adverse outcome rate of 20 to 60% among its survivors.[1] Although the incidence and mortality have declined over the past few decades, it remains challenging to diagnose due to ...Meningitis In Babies. Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which is the tissue that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord. It’s most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infections. Meningitis is a serious condition that, left untreated, can be fatal in a short period of time and can cause life-altering complications in ...Babies are at high risk of bacterial meningitis and often have symptoms that mimic other illnesses. Parents should be on the lookout for meningitis symptoms such as high fever, stiff neck, rigid extremities, vomiting, diarrhea, or a skin rash with lots of pinpoint-sized dots ( petechiae ) that are associated with invasive meningococcal disease .Sep 15, 2022 · About 2,000 cases of serious disease (bacteremia, pneumonia with bacteremia, and meningitis) occur each year in children under 5 years old in the United States. These illnesses can lead to disabilities like deafness, brain damage, or loss of arms or legs. About 1 out of 12 children who get pneumococcal meningitis dies. Older children and adolescents have a stiff neck with a fever, headache, and confusion, and newborns and young infants are usually irritable, stop eating, vomit, or have other symptoms. The diagnosis is based on the results of a spinal tap and blood and urine tests. Some children die of meningitis even after receiving appropriate treatment. Meningococcal bacteria. Meningococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. There are several different groups of meningococcal bacteria including groups A, B, C, Y and W (previously called W135). These groups of bacteria can be further divided into specific strains. Most cases in New Zealand are caused by group B. The pneumococcal vaccine offers protection against serious infections caused by pneumococcal bacteria, including meningitis. Babies are offered the pneumococcal vaccine as 2 separate injections at 12 weeks with a booster given at 1 year of age. A single dose is offered to adults aged 65 or over. Find out more about the pneumococcal vaccine.Bacterial meningitis is a devastating infection associated with high mortality and morbidity in the neonatal population. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to achieving good outcomes in affected infants. While overall incidence and mortality have declined over the last several decades, morbidity associated with neonatal meningitis ...Meningitis can occur in people of all ages, but babies, children, and those with a weakened immune system are at the highest risk. Babies between birth and 1 month of age are more likely to ...Younger kids will need a vaccine if they're at a greater risk of getting meningitis because they: Have complement component deficiency, a rare immune system disease. Have spleen damage or had ...Email Meningitis Infections in Infants and Children Meningitis is a swelling (inflammation) of the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord. Sometimes, the swelling affects the brain. Meningitis can be caused by medications, injuries, and conditions such as cancer and lupus, but the most common cause is infection.Spread to others. People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria. Fortunately, they are not as contagious as germs that cause the common cold or the flu. Your baby can get meningitis when bacteria, viruses, or a fungus infecting another part of their body travels in the bloodstream to their brain and spinal cord. Out of 1,000 live births,...The pneumococcal vaccine offers protection against serious infections caused by pneumococcal bacteria, including meningitis. Babies are offered the pneumococcal vaccine as 2 separate injections at 12 weeks with a booster given at 1 year of age. A single dose is offered to adults aged 65 or over. Find out more about the pneumococcal vaccine.Herpes meningoencephalitis is an infection of the brain and brain covering (meninges) caused by the herpes simplex virus. It is a medical emergency that requires treatment right away. Symptoms can include headache, fever, changes in consciousness, confusion, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, seizures, and changes in mood, personality, or ...Early symptoms will be similar to the flu, and they can develop over a matter of hours or even days. Symptoms include: sudden high fever. stiff neck. severe headache. nausea or vomiting. confusion ...Here we offer helpful, doctor-approved info about fever, coughs, colds, flu, rashes, allergies, and many other health concerns. Explore our guides to doctor visits, vaccines, and medication, get advice on teething and dental care, and learn how to keep your child safe at home and beyond. Photo credit: iStock.com / FatCamera. Signs and symptoms of meningitis include: fever. a severe headache. nausea. stiff neck. sensitivity to light. Meningitis often occurs due to pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi, and so ...Children are at a higher risk of meningitis caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Children more likely to get the illness include: Newborns and babies (Because their immune systems are not well developed, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream more easily.) Children with frequent sinus infections Serogroup B meningococcal vaccines, such as Bexero or Trumenba. All children should be vaccinated at 11 or 12 with one of the conjugate vaccines, with a booster dose at age 16. As for the serogroup B vaccine, teens should definitely get it if. they have a complement deficiency (this is something that is generally diagnosed by the teenage years).Bacterial meningitis. Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated right away with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection.In babies and toddlers, these additional symptoms may occur: swelling in the fontanelle; ... People of any age can get meningitis B. Over half of all cases occur in teenagers and young adults.Meningitis signs and symptoms in babies. Your baby might not experience the same meningitis symptoms as adults (like headache, neck stiffness and nausea) and it can be hard to tell even if they are. Some signs of meningitis you can look for in babies include: Bulging “soft spot” (fontanelle) on baby’s head. Poor eating.Meningitis vaccine schedule for babies or children . The CDC recommends that children receive their first MenACWY vaccine between the ages of 11 and 12. The MenACWY vaccine is a single dose ...Among adults 60 years of age and older, the more common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are: Loss of bladder control or a frequent urge to urinate. Memory loss. Progressive loss of other thinking or reasoning skills. Difficulty walking, often described as a shuffling gait or the feeling of the feet being stuck. Sep 17, 2019 · Summary. Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. There are several types of meningitis. The most common is viral meningitis. You get it when a virus enters the body through the nose or mouth and travels to the brain. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be deadly. The most common causes of bacterial meningitis among babies younger than 2 months of age are group B Streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli .Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges (the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord). Meningitis is caused by either a bacterial infection or a viral infection. Bacterial meningitis can get worse very quickly. If your child is showing signs of meningitis, seek immediate medical attention. Most people recover from meningitis, although ... Sep 27, 2022 · Protects your child from Hib disease, which can cause lifelong disability and be deadly. Protects your child from the most common type of Hib disease, meningitis (an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord). Keeps your child from missing school or child care, and you from missing work. Younger kids will need a vaccine if they're at a greater risk of getting meningitis because they: Have complement component deficiency, a rare immune system disease. Have spleen damage or had ... Spread to others. People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria. Fortunately, they are not as contagious as germs that cause the common cold or the flu.Aug 17, 2021 · Abstract. Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in infants. Rates of GBS early onset disease have declined following the widcespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; hence, late-onset infections (LOGBS) are currently a common presentation of neonatal GBS dicsease. Sep 24, 2018 · Causes of meningitis in babies Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis usually isn’t as serious as bacterial or fungal meningitis, but some viruses do cause... Bacterial meningitis. Group B Streptococcus. This usually spreads from a mother to her baby at birth. Gram-negative... Fungal meningitis. Fungal ... How is meningitis diagnosed in a child? Lumbar puncture (spinal tap). This is the only test that diagnoses meningitis. A needle is placed into the lower back, into the spinal canal. This is ... Blood tests. These can help diagnose infections that cause meningitis. CT scan or MRI. These are tests ... May 18, 2023 · In many cases, they are harmless. Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause ... Bacterial meningitis. Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated right away with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection.Herpes meningoencephalitis is an infection of the brain and brain covering (meninges) caused by the herpes simplex virus. It is a medical emergency that requires treatment right away. Symptoms can include headache, fever, changes in consciousness, confusion, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, seizures, and changes in mood, personality, or ...May 1, 2003 · Neonatal meningitis is an uncommon but serious disease, with an incidence of 0.1–0.4 per 1000 live births. 1, 2 It can have severe long term sequelae in 12–29% of survivors, 2– 8 and milder impairment of neurological function occurs in another 15–38%. 3– 5, 8 Cognitive impairment has been shown in some follow up studies of neonatal ... Dec 30, 2022 · Specific Immunization Reactions. Pain or swelling at the shot site for 1 to 2 days. (20% of children) Mild fever lasting 1 to 3 days begins 14 to 28 days after the shot (10%). Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever over 102° F (39°C). Never give aspirin for fever, pain or within 6 weeks of getting the shot. May 11, 2009 · Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain or spinal cord. Inflammation can begin suddenly (acute) or develop gradually (subacute). Major symptoms may include fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles. Nausea, vomiting and other symptoms may occur. View Full Report. May 11, 2009 · Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain or spinal cord. Inflammation can begin suddenly (acute) or develop gradually (subacute). Major symptoms may include fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles. Nausea, vomiting and other symptoms may occur. View Full Report. Disease can be localized to skin, eye and mouth (SEM disease), involve the central nervous system (CNS) or manifest as disseminated infection involving multiple organs. Most surviving infants in the latter two categories have neurological sequelae, and the mortality rate in the absence of therapy is very high (80%) for babies in the latter ...Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule by Age. Recommendations for Ages 18 Years or Younger, United States, 2023. Print. Please see the most up-to-date COVID-19 vaccine recommendations and new or updated recommendations for RSV , Influenza, pneumococcal, polio, and Mpox vaccines. These have been adopted by the CDC Director and are official.Older children and adolescents have a stiff neck with a fever, headache, and confusion, and newborns and young infants are usually irritable, stop eating, vomit, or have other symptoms. The diagnosis is based on the results of a spinal tap and blood and urine tests. Some children die of meningitis even after receiving appropriate treatment.Newborn babies are immune to some diseases because they have antibodies they get from their mothers, usually before they are born. However, this immunity lasts a few months. Most babies do not get protective antibodies against diphtheria, whooping cough, polio, tetanus, hepatitis B, or Hib from their mothers.Neonatal meningitis is an uncommon but serious disease, with an incidence of 0.1–0.4 per 1000 live births. 1, 2 It can have severe long term sequelae in 12–29% of survivors, 2– 8 and milder impairment of neurological function occurs in another 15–38%. 3– 5, 8 Cognitive impairment has been shown in some follow up studies of neonatal ...Encephalitis also may cause changes in sight or hearing. Most people with infectious encephalitis have flu-like symptoms, such as: Headache. Fever. Aches in muscles or joints. Fatigue or weakness. Typically, these are followed by more-severe symptoms over a period of hours to days, such as: Stiff neck.Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It's usually caused by a virus, although it can be caused by bacteria, a fungus, or tuberculosis. Treatment for meningitis depends on the specific cause of the disease. Vaccinations can prevent or minimize the incidence of ...An overview of immunizations for kids ages 4 to 6 years old. DTaP – The fifth and final diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine is recommended when your child is between 4 and 6 years old. IPV – The poliovirus vaccine is another four-dose series. The dosing schedule for the polio vaccine recommends the first shots at 2 months, 4 months ...Jul 6, 2023 · Meningitis during the neonatal period is a potentially devastating condition with dire long-term consequences. Despite advances in preventive and critical care medicine, bacterial meningitis continues to have an adverse outcome rate of 20 to 60% among its survivors.[1] Although the incidence and mortality have declined over the past few decades, it remains challenging to diagnose due to ... get plenty of rest; take painkillers for a headache or general aches; take anti-sickness medicine for any nausea or vomiting; If you feel unable to manage your symptoms at home or you feel worse, get further medical help. Preventing the spread of infection. The risk of someone with meningitis spreading the infection to others is generally low.Viral (aseptic) meningitis. Although very rare, a small number of people with HFMD get viral meningitis. It causes fever, headache, stiff neck, or back pain and may require the infected person to be hospitalized for a few days. Learn more about Viral Meningitis. Encephalitis or paralysisHerpes meningoencephalitis is an infection of the brain and brain covering (meninges) caused by the herpes simplex virus. It is a medical emergency that requires treatment right away. Symptoms can include headache, fever, changes in consciousness, confusion, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, seizures, and changes in mood, personality, or ... An overview of immunizations for kids ages 4 to 6 years old. DTaP – The fifth and final diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine is recommended when your child is between 4 and 6 years old. IPV – The poliovirus vaccine is another four-dose series. The dosing schedule for the polio vaccine recommends the first shots at 2 months, 4 months ...Many infections cause similar symptoms. Call your child's doctor or seek emergency medical care if your new baby shows any of these possible signs of infection: poor feeding. breathing difficulty. listlessness. decreased or elevated temperature. unusual skin rash or change in skin color. persistent crying. unusual irritability.Infants with meningitis can have a variety of symptoms, including: a fever. shivering. a stiff neck. arching of the back. cold hands and feet. turning away from light. excessive irritability, such ...We’re happy to have these conversations for you – it’s our job to make sure you and your baby are safe under our care. When possible, avoid taking your baby to crowded public places for a few months after birth. Herpes infection from incidental touching of strangers or development of other infections from respiratory germs might occur.The most common symptoms of meningitis in older children and adults are: fever. sensitivity to light. very bad headache and stiff or sore neck. nausea or vomiting and loss of appetite. tiredness and drowsiness. irritability. confusion. purple-red skin rash or bruising.Bacterial meningitis is a devastating infection associated with high mortality and morbidity in the neonatal population. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to achieving good outcomes in affected infants. While overall incidence and mortality have declined over the last several decades, morbidity associated with neonatal meningitis ... Bacterial meningitis is a devastating infection associated with high mortality and morbidity in the neonatal population. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to achieving good outcomes in affected infants. While overall incidence and mortality have declined over the last several decades, morbidity associated with neonatal meningitis ... Almost half of neonatal sepsis survivors return to the hospital at least once after recovery. Some babies develop an infection of the membranes surrounding their brain called meningitis. Newborns who have this condition may develop serious symptoms and side effects, including: Extreme sluggishness (lethargy).Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It can affect anyone, but is most common in babies, young children, teenagers and young adults. Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning ( sepsis) and result in permanent damage ...Jun 26, 2023 · Babies are at high risk of bacterial meningitis and often have symptoms that mimic other illnesses. Parents should be on the lookout for meningitis symptoms such as high fever, stiff neck, rigid extremities, vomiting, diarrhea, or a skin rash with lots of pinpoint-sized dots ( petechiae ) that are associated with invasive meningococcal disease . Viral (aseptic) meningitis. Although very rare, a small number of people with HFMD get viral meningitis. It causes fever, headache, stiff neck, or back pain and may require the infected person to be hospitalized for a few days. Learn more about Viral Meningitis. Encephalitis or paralysisMay 18, 2023 · In many cases, they are harmless. Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause ... Prevention. Treatment. Bacterial meningitis is inflammation of the layers of tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) caused by bacteria . Newborns with bacterial meningitis are usually irritable, vomit, or may have seizures. The diagnosis is based on the results of a spinal tap and blood tests. | rhgxie (article) | sfbkkn.

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